Building a concrete block house is an excellent choice for those looking for a cost-effective and sturdy construction option. Cinder block homes have gained popularity due to their simplicity, durability, and structural strength. In this article, we will take you through a step-by-step guide on how to build a concrete block house. From preparing the cinder blocks to constructing the walls, you’ll gain insights into the entire process. Whether you’re a seasoned DIY enthusiast or a beginner in construction, this guide will provide you with valuable information to help you successfully build your own concrete block house. Let’s get started!
Introduction to building a concrete block house
Building a concrete block house offers numerous advantages in terms of affordability, durability, and versatility. Unlike traditional brick or wood construction, concrete block houses are constructed using cinder blocks, which are relatively inexpensive and readily available. This makes them an attractive option for individuals looking to build their own homes on a budget. Additionally, cinder block homes are known for their strength and ability to withstand various weather conditions, making them a reliable choice in areas prone to hurricanes or earthquakes. Moreover, concrete blocks provide excellent insulation, helping to regulate indoor temperatures and reduce energy consumption. The solid nature of the blocks also helps to minimize noise transmission, ensuring a quieter living environment. Furthermore, building with concrete blocks allows for flexibility in design, as the blocks can be easily shaped, cut, and textured to achieve the desired aesthetics. Whether you’re planning to build a small cabin or a spacious family home, a concrete block house can be a practical and cost-effective choice. In the following steps, we will guide you through the process of building a concrete block house, providing you with valuable insights to help you get started on your construction journey.
Step 1: Preparing the cinder blocks
The first step in building a concrete block house is to prepare the cinder blocks for construction. When the block companies deliver the materials, you will receive cinder block cubes containing around 80 to 90 blocks. To make the blocks more manageable, they need to be broken down into smaller piles of 10 to 12 blocks each. These smaller piles should be stacked approximately 2 feet away from the concrete footer, which will serve as the foundation for your house.
Properly handling and organizing the cinder blocks is crucial for a smooth construction process. By breaking down the large cubes and stacking them in smaller piles, you can easily access the blocks when needed. This step ensures that you have a steady supply of blocks throughout the construction process, eliminating any delays or disruptions.
Take the time to arrange the cinder blocks neatly and securely. By doing so, you create a well-organized workspace and make it easier to locate the blocks as you progress with the construction. This initial preparation sets the foundation for the upcoming steps, ensuring efficiency and convenience during the building process. Once your cinder blocks are neatly stacked and ready, you can move on to the next step of building your concrete block house.
Step 2: Mixing the mortar
In Step 2 of building a concrete block house, you will need to mix the mortar. Mortar is a fundamental component in securing the cinder blocks together, providing the necessary strength and stability to the walls of the house.
To mix the mortar, start by following the instructions provided on the bag. Typically, the ratio is around 16 shovels of sand per one-half bag of mortar. Begin by placing two to three shovels of sand in a wheelbarrow, followed by the half bag of mortar. Use a mixing hoe to combine the dry components thoroughly. Once the sand and mortar are well-mixed, add the remaining sand gradually while continuing to blend the mixture. You want to achieve a consistency similar to that of cake batter.
It is essential to ensure the mortar is properly mixed to achieve consistent and reliable results. The correct consistency will allow the mortar to adhere properly to the cinder blocks, creating a solid bond. Take your time to mix the mortar thoroughly, ensuring all the dry ingredients are well-combined before adding water.
Once the mortar mixture resembles cake batter, gently add water and continue mixing until you achieve a smooth and spreadable consistency. Avoid adding too much water, as this can make the mortar too runny, impacting its adhesive properties. Striking the right balance is crucial for the success of your concrete block house construction.
By following this step and taking the time to mix the mortar properly, you will have a reliable and strong binding agent that will form the backbone of your concrete block walls. The properly mixed mortar will provide the necessary support and stability for your construction project. Let’s move forward to the next step and continue building your concrete block house.
Step 3: Constructing the corner walls
In Step 3 of building a concrete block house, we will focus on constructing the corner walls. The corner walls serve as the foundation upon which the rest of the structure will be built, providing stability and ensuring proper alignment.
To begin, arrange a few shovels of mortar on a corner board. This will act as the base for your corner walls. Make sure you have four reference points to work from and ensure that the walls are square to one another. Starting with the first corner, construct at least four corners up to a height of approximately five blocks.
Using a block trowel, spread the mortar mix in two thick lines, each as wide as the cinder block and extending far enough to lay three or four blocks in length. This will create a 90-degree angle at the corners. As you lay the first row of blocks, make sure to stagger the next block halfway over the bottom block. This “staggering” technique helps to strengthen the walls and ensures stability.
It is crucial to level and plumb the corner walls to ensure they are straight, square, and plumb. This can be achieved by using a level and a plumb bob. Pay close attention to each block’s alignment as you build the walls, making any necessary adjustments to ensure accuracy.
Smooth the mortar between the block joints using a thumb jointer tool. This will help create a clean and even finish, further enhancing the structural integrity of the corner walls. Taking the time to smooth the mortar joints will not only improve the aesthetic appeal but also enhance the overall durability of your concrete block house.
By following these steps, you will successfully construct the corner walls of your concrete block house. These corner walls act as a solid foundation for the rest of the construction, ensuring stability and alignment for the entire structure. Let’s move on to the next step and continue building your concrete block house.
Step 4: Running the courses
In Step 4 of building a concrete block house, we will focus on running the courses. The courses refer to the horizontal rows of blocks that make up the walls of the structure. Running the courses involves placing the blocks on top of each other in a systematic and level manner.
After completing approximately five blocks to construct the corner walls, it’s time to begin running the courses. Before starting, stretch a nylon string line around the line blocks and knot it off. This string line will act as a guide to ensure that the courses are straight and level.
Starting from the corners, fill in the first course by placing the blocks on top of the corners of the first row of blocks. As you continue, make sure to apply a generous amount of mortar between the blocks to create a strong bond. Use a trowel to spread and even out the mortar.
As you lay each block, press it firmly into the mortar, ensuring that it is level and aligned with the string line. Use a level to check the horizontal and vertical alignment of the blocks and make any necessary adjustments to maintain a straight and level wall.
Continue running the courses, checking the alignment and levelness after placing each block. It is essential to maintain consistent mortar thickness and joint size throughout the process. This will result in a visually appealing and structurally sound wall.
Remember to periodically check the alignment of the entire wall by using a level or a straightedge. This will help you identify and correct any deviations before proceeding further. Take your time during this step to ensure the precision and accuracy of the wall construction.
By diligently running the courses and paying attention to the alignment and levelness, you will progress steadily in building your concrete block house. The running courses will shape the walls of your structure, inching you closer to completing your project. Let’s now move on to the final step of building your concrete block house.
Step 5: Completing the walls
In Step 5, we will focus on completing the walls of your concrete block house. By this point, you have successfully run the courses and are nearing the final stages of construction.
Continue laying the blocks, one course at a time, until the walls have reached the appropriate height. The standard height for most concrete block houses is typically around 8 to 10 feet, but this can vary depending on your specific design and requirements.
As you approach the desired height, make sure to maintain the same level of precision and attention to detail as in the previous steps. Check for proper alignment, levelness, and plumbness after each block is placed. The integrity of the walls relies on these factors to ensure stability and structural integrity.
Throughout the process, remember to apply mortar generously between the blocks, ensuring a secure and solid bond. Smooth out the mortar joints using a jointer tool to achieve a professional and finished look.
As you near the completion of the walls, take some time to step back and assess the overall appearance and quality of your work. Make any necessary adjustments or corrections before proceeding to the next phase.
Completing the walls marks a significant milestone in the construction process of your concrete block house. The walls act as the main structural element, providing support and defining the shape of your home. With careful attention to detail and adherence to best practices, the walls will not only showcase the sturdiness of your construction but also contribute to the overall aesthetic appeal.
Now that the walls are complete, you can move on to other aspects of the construction, such as adding doors, windows, and interior finishes. Remember to consult local building codes and regulations and consider seeking professional assistance when needed.
Congratulations! You have successfully completed the construction of your concrete block house. Through dedication and careful execution, you have created a durable, cost-effective, and sustainable housing solution that will stand the test of time. Enjoy your newly built home and the sense of accomplishment that comes with completing such a significant project.
How to build a concrete house?
When building a concrete house, it is essential to start by laying out the corners. Utilize type-S mortar with a Mason’s trowel to bond the blocks for the corners. Ensure that each 90-degree corner has at least 6 to 8 blocks on each side. This step helps establish a strong foundation for the construction process.
Can you use concrete cinder blocks to build a concrete block house?
Absolutely! Concrete cinder blocks are indeed suitable for constructing a concrete block house. These blocks offer a cost-effective solution for building a new home. Not only are cinder block houses simple and straightforward, but they are also known for their structural stability and durability. In the upcoming article, we will explore the process of building a cinder block house in detail, providing you with step-by-step guidance. Discover how to create a solid and affordable home using concrete cinder blocks.
How to build a block house?
When building a block house, it is important to ensure that the footers have vertically centered four-foot-long rebar. This rebar will extend into the block wall cells and be filled with mortar for added strength. Begin by laying out the corners of the house, and then use a mason’s trowel to spread type-S mortar, effectively bonding the blocks together. Pay careful attention to the corner layout, as it sets the foundation for the entire structure. These steps are crucial in constructing a sturdy and well-built block house.
Can you build concrete block steps?
Yes, it is possible to build concrete block steps as an alternative to pouring concrete steps. One of the most noticeable aspects of a home is broken steps. Imagine how much improved your home would appear by replacing those broken steps. Building concrete block steps is an option that can enhance the aesthetic appeal of your home. To learn more about the process, you can follow a helpful instructional video that guides you through the steps of constructing concrete block steps.